History of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Alice in Wonderland Now and Then

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Alice in Wonderland has been with us for many generations now. From the original books amazing story and imagery. To the first silent film versions oddly eerie feel and the modern 3D versions surreal immersion. Alice in Wonderland has quiet a history…

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland, is a 1865 children’s book by Lewis Carroll. The first movie adapation of Lewis Carroll‘s book was a silent film directed by Cecil Hepworth and Percy Stow in 1903.

It tells the story of a girl named Alice who falls down a rabbit hole into a fantasy world populated by curious creatures. The tale plays with logic in ways that have maintained a lasting popularity with adults and children for over 100 years…

The Latest Incarnation of Alice in Wonderland

The latest ALICE IN WONDERLAND is a 3D fantasy adventure starring JOHNNY DEPP as the Mad Hatter and MIA WASIKOWSKA as 19-year-old Alice. Once again Alice returns to the whimsical world she first encountered as a young girl, reuniting with her childhood friends including the White Rabbit, Tweedledum, Tweedledee, the March Hare, the Mad Hatter, the Dormouse, the Cheshire Cat and the Caterpillar.

Disney 2010 Alice in Wonderland: Official Full Trailer


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Official full trailer for Tim Burton‘s Alice in Wonderland.

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Alice In Wonderland: More on the New World of Wonderland


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Alice In Wonderland: Movie Featurette


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A history of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll. It tells the story of a girl named Alice who falls down a rabbit hole into a fantasy world populated by peculiar and anthropomorphic creatures. The tale is filled with allusions to Dodgson’s friends. The tale plays with logic in ways that have given the story lasting popularity with adults as well as children. It is considered to be one of the most characteristic examples of the "literary nonsense" genre, and its narrative course and structure have been enormously influential, especially in the fantasy genre.

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

Alice's Adventures in WonderlandAuthor: Lewis Carroll

Illustrator: John Tenniel

Country: England

Language :English

Genre(s): Children’s fiction

Publisher: Macmillan

Publication date: 26 November 1865

Alice in Wonderland (1903)


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The first-ever film version of Lewis Carroll’s tale has recently been restored by the BFI National Archive from severely damaged materials. Made just 37 years after Lewis Carroll wrote his novel and eight years after the birth of cinema, the adaptation was directed by Cecil Hepworth and Percy Stow, and was based on Sir John Tenniel’s original illustrations. In an act that was to echo more than 100 years later, Hepworth cast his wife as the Red Queen, and he himself appears as the Frog Footman. Even the Cheshire cat is played by a family pet.
With a running time of just 12 minutes (8 of which survive), Alice in Wonderland was the longest film produced in England at that time. Film archivists have been able to restore the film’s original colours for the first time in over 100 years.

Music: ‘Jill in the Box’, composed and performed by Wendy Hiscocks.

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Common Misconceptions About Wonderland Characters

Although Tweedledum, Tweedledee, Humpty Dumpty and the Jabberwock are often thought to be characters in Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, they actually only appear in the sequel, Through the Looking-Glass. They are, however, often included in film versions, which are usually simply called "Alice in Wonderland," causing the confusion. The Queen of Hearts is commonly mistaken for the Red Queen who appears in the story’s sequel, Through the Looking-Glass, but shares none of her characteristics other than being a queen. The Queen of Hearts is part of the deck of card imagery which is present in the first book while the Red Queen is representative of a red chess piece, as chess is the theme present in the sequel. Many adaptations have mixed the characters, causing much confusion.

Film and Television Adaptations

Alice, the March Hare, and the Mad Hatter at the "Mad Tea-Party" in the first film adaptation directed by Cecil Hepworth in 1903.

Alice in Disney’s animated version

The book has inspired numerous film and television adaptations. This list comprises only direct and complete adaptations of the original books. Sequels and works otherwise inspired by – but not actually based on – those books (such as Tim Burton‘s 2010 film Alice in Wonderland), appear in Works influenced by Alice in Wonderland.

Literary Publishing Highlights

  • Cover of the 1898 edition
  • 1865: First UK edition (the suppressed edition).
  • 1865: Alice has its first American printing.
  • 1869: Aventures d’Alice au pays des merveilles is published in French translation by Henri Bué.
  • 1869: Alice’s Abenteuer im Wunderland is published in German translation by Antonie Zimmermann.
  • 1870: Alice’s Äfventyr i Sagolandet is published in Swedish translation by Emily Nonnen.
  • 1871: Dodgson meets another Alice during his time in London, Alice Raikes, and talks with her about her reflection in a mirror, leading to another book Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There, which sells even better.
  • 1886: Carroll publishes a facsimile of the earlier Alice’s Adventures Under Ground manuscript.
  • 1890: He publishes The Nursery "Alice", a special edition "to be read by Children aged from Nought to Five."
  • 1908: Alice has its first translation into Japanese.
  • 1910: La Aventuroj de Alicio en Mirlando is published in Esperanto translation by Elfric Leofwine Kearney.
  • 1916: Publication of the first edition of the Windermere Series, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Illustrated by Milo Winter.
  • 1960: American writer Martin Gardner publishes a special edition, The Annotated Alice, incorporating the text of both Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass. It has extensive annotations explaining the hidden allusions in the books, and includes full texts of the Victorian era poems parodied in them. Later editions expand on these annotations.
  • 1961: The Folio Society publication with 42 illustrations by John Tenniel.
  • 1964: Alicia in Terra Mirabili is published in Latin translation by Clive Harcourt Carruthers.
  • 1998: Lewis Carroll’s own copy of Alice, one of only six surviving copies of the 1865 first edition, is sold at an auction for US$1.54 million to an anonymous American buyer, becoming the most expensive children’s book (or 19th-century work of literature) ever traded. (The former record was later eclipsed in 2007 when a limited-edition Harry Potter book by J.K. Rowling, The Tales of Beedle the Bard, was sold at auction for £1.95 million ($3.9 million).
  • 2003: Eachtraí Eilíse i dTír na nIontas is published in Irish translation by Nicholas Williams.
  • 2008: Folio Alice’s Adventures Under Ground facsimile edition (limited to 3,750 copies, boxed with The Original Alice pamphlet).
  • 2009: Alys in Pow an Anethow is published in Cornish translation by Nicholas Williams.
  • 2009: Children’s book collector and former American football player Pat McInally reportedly sold Alice Liddell’s own copy at auction for $115,000.

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